So how will we worth companies?
Whereas there are numerous obtainable strategies to evaluate the identical, there isn’t a particular reply on whether or not a specific valuation a number of is justified or not. It’s because every sector is totally different and no two corporations are precisely the identical even when they’re in the identical sector. One of the extensively used valuation strategies is value a number of which incorporates Worth/Earnings, Worth/Guide Worth, EV/EBITDA and Worth/Gross sales. Worth/Earnings is one the most typical a number of which is used for many sectors together with Auto, FMCG, Client Durables, Pharma, IT, and Capital Items. For financial institution and lending corporations, Worth/Guide Worth is a extra applicable technique as banks earn revenue based mostly on their steadiness sheet dimension. For corporations with excessive ranges of debt, EV/EBITDA a number of is used for valuation. Metallic and Cement sectors normally resort to EV/EBITDA a number of for valuation.
Whereas Worth multiples are good to make use of, it might generally be deceptive as earnings per share isn’t at all times dependable and it’s tough to check corporations in two totally different sectors. As an example, an investor can’t assign the identical worth for Metallic and FMCG shares. Metallic as everyone knows is very cyclical and extra weak to financial situations.
Alternatively, FMCG enterprise is way much less weak to financial cycles. Therefore, it might be justified to assign the next a number of to FMCG shares as in comparison with Metals. The alternate technique which can be utilized is Discounted Money Stream technique whereby future money flows are discounted based mostly on projections to its current worth to establish the truthful worth of the corporate.
(Disclaimer: Suggestions, recommendations, views and opinions given by the consultants are their very own. These don’t characterize the views of Financial Occasions)