In an obvious effort to research witness interference, the subpoena from the Home committee seeks any communications Mr. Trump had with potential witnesses earlier than the committee and with the Secret Service.
The panel particularly sought any communications with 13 allies of Mr. Trump who performed key roles within the effort to overturn the election, together with Roger Stone Jr., Stephen Ok. Bannon, Michael T. Flynn, Jeffrey Clark, John Eastman, Rudolph W. Giuliani, Jenna Ellis, Sidney Powell, Kenneth Chesebro, Boris Epshteyn, Christina Bobb, Cleta Mitchell and Patrick Byrne.
The committee has at occasions acted aggressively to implement its subpoenas. The Home has voted 4 occasions to carry in contempt of Congress allies of Mr. Trump who refused to testify or provide paperwork. Two of these allies — Mr. Bannon, an out of doors adviser who briefly labored within the Trump White Home, and Peter Navarro, the previous White Home commerce adviser — had been indicted. The Justice Division declined to cost two others: Mark Meadows, Mr. Trump’s ultimate chief of employees, and Dan Scavino Jr., one other high aide.
Mr. Bannon has been convicted and was sentenced on Friday to 4 months in jail and a advantageous of $6,500. Mr. Navarro’s trial is scheduled for subsequent month.
Former presidents have responded in a wide range of methods to requests — or calls for — from Congress.
A number of voluntarily testified earlier than Congress, together with Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Herbert Hoover, Harry S. Truman and Gerald R. Ford.
No less than three former presidents have been issued congressional subpoenas. In 1846, John Tyler testified, and John Quincy Adams submitted a deposition. However in 1953, Mr. Truman refused to adjust to a subpoena from the Home Un-American Actions Committee, claiming that it could violate the separation of powers and citing precedents from George Washington and different presidents who additionally refused to supply Congress with sure paperwork.
However he later reached a special conclusion and testified earlier than Congress a number of occasions after leaving workplace.